Good Friday

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Good Friday is a Christian holiday commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus and his death at Calvary. It is observed during Holy Week as part of the Paschal Triduum on the Friday preceding Easter Sunday, and may coincide with the Jewish observance of Passover. It is also known as Holy FridayGreat FridayGreat and Holy Friday (also Holy and Great Friday), and Black Friday.[2][3][4]

Good Friday
Wüger Kreuzigung.jpg
Stabat Mater depiction, 1868
SignificanceCommemorates the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ
CelebrationsNo traditional celebrations
ObservancesWorship servicesprayer and vigil services, fastingalmsgiving
DateThe Friday immediately preceding Easter Sunday
2020 date
  • April 10 (Western)
  • April 17 (Eastern)
2021 date
  • April 2[1] (Western)
  • April 30 (Eastern)
2022 date
  • April 15 (Western)
  • April 22 (Eastern)
2023 date
  • April 7 (Western)
  • April 14 (Eastern)
Related toPassoverChristmas (which celebrates the birth of Jesus), SeptuagesimaQuinquagesimaShrove TuesdayAsh WednesdayLentPalm SundaySpy WednesdayMaundy Thursday, and Holy Saturday which lead up to Easter, Easter Sunday (primarily), Divine Mercy SundayAscensionPentecostWhit MondayTrinity SundayCorpus Christi and Feast of the Sacred Heart which follow it. It is related to the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, which focuses on the benefits, graces, and merits of the Cross, rather than Jesus's death.

Members of many Christian denominations, including the CatholicEastern OrthodoxLutheranAnglicanMethodistOriental Orthodox and Reformed traditions, observe Good Friday with fasting and church services.[5][6][7] Communicants of the Moravian Church have a Good Friday tradition of cleaning gravestones in Moravian cemeteries.[8]

The date of Good Friday varies from one year to the next on both the Gregorian and Julian calendars. Eastern and Western Christianity disagree over the computation of the date of Easter and therefore of Good Friday. Good Friday is a widely instituted legal holiday around the world, including in most Western countries and 12 U.S. states.[9] Some countries, such as Germany, have laws prohibiting certain acts, such as dancing and horse racing, that are seen as profaning the solemn nature of the day.[10][11]

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